NY State Laws

Laws of New York

New York State Consolidated Laws


Laws of New York

This site contains the full online searchable text of the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law, the Criminal Procedure Law, the Penal Law and the Vehicle and Traffic Law for the State of New York. Also the U.S. Constitution, Civil Rights Law, Family Court Act and selected articles from the Navigation Law.

Law Terms Defined / Legal Definitions

Terms are defined as per the law listed.
CPL= Criminal Procedure Law
FCA= Family Court Act
PL= Penal Law
VTL= Vehicle Traffic Law
Columns sorted by selecting TERM or LAW. 496 terms currently listed.
TERM LAW ARTICLE
Youthful offender finding CPL 720.10 (sub 4)
Youthful offender adjudication CPL 720.10 (sub 6)
Youth offender sentence CPL 720.10 (sub 5)
Youth CPL 720.10 (sub 1)
Written instrument PL 170.00 (sub 1)
Without authorization PL 156.00 (sub 8)
Wheelchair VTL 1 (130-a)
Warrant of arrest CPL 1.20 (sub 28)
Voucher PL 225.00 (sub 29)
Voluntary act PL 15.00 (sub 2)
Violent felony offense PL 70.02
Violation PL 10.00 (sub 3)
Video lottery gaming PL 225.00 (sub 28)
Verdict CPL 1.20 (sub 12)
Vector PL 490.05 (sub 8)
Utter PL 190.77 (sub 4)
Unsecured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 19)
Unlawful gaming property PL 225.00 (sub 27)
Unlawful PL 225.00 (sub 12)
Unfair gaming equipment PL 225.00 (sub 26)
Trial jurisdiction CPL 1.20 (sub 24)
Trial CPL 1.20 (sub 11)
Transaction PL 470.00 (sub 3)
Toxin PL 490.05 (sub 6)
Toxic chemical PL 490.05 (sub 13)
To act PL 15.00 (sub 5)
Testimony PL 210.00 (sub 3)
Switchblade knife PL 265.00 (sub 4)
Swear falsely PL 210.00 (sub 5)
Swear PL 210.00 (sub 2)
Surety bond CPL 500.10 (sub 15)
Surety CPL 500.10 (sub 12)
Superior court warrant of arrest CPL 1.20 (sub 29)
Superior court information CPL 1.20 (sub 3a)
Superior court CPL 10.10 (sub 2)
Summons CPL 1.20 (sub 27)
Substituted proceeds PL 480.00 (sub 4)
Substance use disorder FCA 712 (j)
Submission of a count CPL 300.30 (sub 1)
Statement PL 176.00 (sub 2)
State interstate routes VTL 1 (145-b)
State gaming agency PL 225.00 (sub 25)
State expressway routes VTL 1 (145-a)
Stand or standing VTL 1 (145)
Sports participant PL 180.00 (sub 2)
Sports official PL 180.00 (sub 3)
Sports contest PL 180.00 (sub 1)
Specified criminal conduct PL 470.00 (sub 5)
Something of value PL 225.00 (sub 6)
Snow emergency route VTL 1 (145-c)
Snow emergency VTL 1 (144-b)
Slot machine PL 225.00 (sub 8)
Slope VTL 1 (144-a)
Skate board VTL 1 (140-c)
Single judge trial CPL 340.10 (sub 2)
Simplified traffic information CPL 1.20 (sub 5b)
Simplified parks information CPL 1.20 (sub 5c)
Simplified information CPL 1.20 (sub 5a)
Simplified environmental conservation information CPL 1.20 (sub 5d)
Sidewalk VTL 1 (144)
Shoulder VTL 1 (143-a)
Shotgun PL 265.00 (sub 12)
Sexual intercourse PL 130.00 (sub 1)
Sexual contact PL 130.00 (sub 3)
Sexual conduct PL 130.00 (sub 10)
Service PL 155.00 (sub 8)
Serious physical injury PL 10.00 (sub 10)
Serious offense PL 265.00 (sub 17)
Sentence CPL 1.20 (sub 14)
Semitrailer VTL 1 (143)
Semiautomatic PL 265.00 (sub 21)
Sell PL 225.00 (sub 24)
Select chemical agent PL 490.05 (sub 15)
Select biological agent PL 490.05 (sub 16)
Securing order CPL 500.10 (sub 5)
Secured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 17)
Secure detention facility FCA 712 (c)
Secret scientific material PL 155.00 (sub 6)
Second violent felony offender PL 70.04
Second felony offender PL 70.06
School bus VTL 1 (142)
Scheme PL 496.01
Sanitation patrol vehicle VTL 1 (141-a2)
Sani-vans VTL 1 (141-a)
Safety zone VTL 1 (141)
Roundabout VTL 1 (140-d)
Roller skate VTL 1 (140-b)
Roadway VTL 1 (140)
Right of way VTL 1 (139)
Rifle PL 265.00 (sub 11)
Restrain PL 135.00 (sub 1)
Residential real property PL 187.00 (sub 3)
Residential mortgage loan PL 187.00 (sub 2)
Residential mortgage fraud PL 187.00 (sub 4)
Residence district VTL 1 (138)
Represented PL 470.00 (sub 8)
Representative drawer PL 190.77 (sub 3)
Renunciation PL 40.10
Rental vehicle VTL 1 (137-a)
Release on own recognizance CPL 500.10 (sub 2)
Relative PL 135.00 (sub 3)
Recklessly PL 15.05 (sub 3)
Real property instrumentality of a crime PL 480.00 (sub 6)
Railroad train VTL 1 (137)
Railroad sign or signal VTL 1 (136)
Railroad VTL 1 (135)
Radar detector VTL 1 (134-b)
Qualifying highway VTL 1 (134-a)
Public servant PL 10.00 (sub 15)
Public highway VTL 1 (134)
Public benefit card PL 155.00 (sub 7b)
Public assistance benefits PL 158.00 (sub 1c)
Prosecutor's information CPL 1.20 (sub 6)
Prosecutor CPL 1.20 (sub 31)
Property of another PL 145.13
Property PL 155.00 (sub 1)
Profit from gambling activity PL 225.00 (sub 5)
Proceeds PL 480.00 (sub 3)
Private road VTL 1 (133)
Principal CPL 500.10 (sub 1)
Prescription medication or device PL 178.00 (sub 1)
Prescription PL 178.00 (sub 2)
Premises PL 140.00 (sub 1)
Preliminary jurisdiction CPL 1.20 (sub 25)
Precursor PL 490.05 (sub 11)
Post bail CPL 500.10 (sub 8)
Possess PL 10.00 (sub 8)
Policy PL 225.00 (sub 11)
Police vehicle VTL 1 (132-a)
Police officer CPL 1.20 (sub 34)
Plea CPL 1.20(sub 10)
Player PL 225.00 (sub 3)
Place of public assembly VTL 1 (131-a)
Pilum ballistic knife PL 265.00 (sub 5a)
Physically helpless PL 130.00 (sub 7)
Physical injury PL 10.00 (sub 9)
Physical evidence PL 215.35
Petty offense CPL 1.20 (sub 39)
Personal insurance PL 176.00 (sub 4)
Personal identifying information PL 190.77 (sub 1)
Personal identification number PL 190.77 (sub 2b)
Person in need of supervision FCA 712 (a)
Person PL 10.00 (sub 7)
Persistent violent felony offender PL 70.08
Persistent felony offender PL 70.10
Permanency hearing FCA 712 (h)
Pedestrian VTL 1 (130)
Peace officer CPL 2.10
Pass PL 190.77 (sub 5)
Party officer PL 200.40
Partially secured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 18)
Parking lot VTL 1 (129-b)
Parking area of a shopping center VTL 1 (129-a)
Park or parking VTL 1 (129)
Pari-mutuel horse race PL 180.00 (sub 5)
Pari-mutuel betting PL 180.00 (sub 4)
Owner PL 155.00 (sub 5)
Overhang VTL 1 (127)
Order of recognizance or bail CPL 500.10 (sub 6)
Oral sexual conduct PL 130.00 (sub 2a)
Omnibus VTL 1 (126)
Omission PL 15.00 (sub 3)
Official proceeding PL 215.35
Offense PL 10.00 (sub 1)
Off-highway motorcycle VTL 1 (125-a)
Obtain PL 155.00 (sub 2)
Obligor CPL 500.10 (sub 11)
Oath required by law PL 210.00 (sub 4)
Oath PL 210.00 (sub 1)
Non-secure detention facility FCA 712 (d)
Night PL 140.00 (sub 4)
Motorcycle VTL 1 (123)
Motor vehicles VTL 1 (125)
Monetary instrument PL 470.00 (sub 1)
Mobile home or manufactured home VTL 1 (122-c)
Misdemeanor complaint CPL 1.20 (sub 7)
Misdemeanor PL 10.00 (sub 4)
Metal knuckle knife PL 265.00 (sub 5b)
Mentally incapacitated PL 130.00 (sub 6)
Mentally disabled PL 130.00 (sub 5)
Mental health care provider PL 130.00 (sub 13)
Mental disease or defect PL 40.15
Member of armed forces PL 190.77 (sub 2c)
Medical Marihuana PL 179.00
Maximum performance speed VTL 1 (122-b)
Maximum gross weight VTL 1 (122-a)
Material support or resources PL 490.05 (sub 2)
Married PL 130.00 (sub 4)
Machine-gun PL 265.00 (sub 1)
Low speed vehicle VTL 1 (121-f)
Lottery PL 225.00 (sub 10)
Local criminal court accusatory instrument CPL 1.20 (sub 2)
Local criminal court CPL 10.10 (sub 3)
Local authorities VTL 1 (122)
Loaded firearm PL 265.00 (sub 15)
Livery VTL 1 (121-e)
Limited use vehicle VTL 1 (121-c)
Limited use motorcycle VTL 1 (121-b)
Limited use automobile VTL 1 (121-a)
Licensing officer PL 265.00 (sub 10)
Lesser included offense CPL 1.20 (sub 37)
Leased vehicle VTL 1 (121-d)
Law enforcement officer PL 470.00 (sub 9)
Laser detector VTL 1 (134-c)
Laser PL 240.76 (3a)
Laned roadway VTL 1 (121)
Labor official PL 180.10
Kung Fu star PL 265.00 (sub 15)
Knowingly PL 15.05 (sub 2)
Juvenile offender PL 10.00 (sub 18)
Justifiable abortional act PL 125.05 (sub 3)
Jury Trial CPL 340.10 (sub 3)
Juror PL 10.00 (sub 16)
Jurat PL 210.00 (sub 7)
Judicial hearing officer CPL 1.20 (sub 43)
Judgment CPL 1.20 (sub 15)
Judge CPL 1.20 (sub 23)
Intersection VTL 1 (120)
Intermediate appellate court CPL 1.20 (sub 22)
Intentionally PL 15.05 (sub 1)
Insurance policy PL 176.00 (sub 1)
Insurance company bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 16)
Insufficient funds PL 190.77 (sub 7)
Instrumentality of a felony controlled substance offense PL 480.00 (sub 5)
Information CPL 1.20 (sub 4)
Inflatable restraint system VTL 1 (119-b)
Indictment CPL 1.20 (sub 3)
Inconsistent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 5)
Incomplete written instrument PL 170.00 (sub 3)
Inclusory concurrent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 4)
In-line skate VTL 1 (140-a)
Immediate family PL 120.40
Ignition interlock device VTL 1 (119-a)
House coach VTL 1 (119)
Highway VTL 1 (118)
Health plan PL 177.00 (sub 1)
Health care provider PL 130.00 (sub 12)
Hazardous operation VTL 1 (117-b)
Hazardous materials emergency vehicle VTL 1 (117-c)
Hazard vehicle VTL 1 (117-a)
Gross weight VTL 1 (117)
Gross vehicle weight rating VTL 509p (sub 2)
Gravity knife PL 265.00 (sub 5)
Geographical area of employment CPL 1.20 (sub 34a)
Gaming regulatory authority PL 225.00 (sub 22)
Gaming equipment or device PL 225.00 (sub 21)
Gaming compact PL 225.00 (sub 20)
Gambling device PL 225.00 (sub 7)
Gambling PL 225.00 (sub 2)
Funds PL 190.77 (sub 6)
Fraudulent welfare act PL 158.00 (sub 1b)
Forged instrument PL 170.00 (sub 7)
Foreign object PL 130.00 (sub 9)
Forcible compulsion PL 130.00 (sub 8)
Flammable liquid VTL 1 (116)
Flagperson VTL 1 (115-b)
Fix bail CPL 500.10 (sub 3)
Firearm silencer PL 265.00 (sub 2)
Firearm PL 265.00 (sub 3)
Fire vehicle VTL 1 (115-a)
Financial transaction PL 470.00 (sub 7)
Financial institution PL 470.00 (sub 6)
Felony complaint CPL 1.20 (sub 8)
Felony PL 10.00 (sub 5)
Falsely make PL 170.00 (sub 4)
Falsely complete PL 170.00 (sub 5)
Falsely alter PL 170.00 (sub 6)
Fact-finding hearing FCA 712 (e)
FAA PL 240.76 (3a)
Evidence in chief CPL 1.20 (sub 40)
Escort vehicle VTL 1 (114-c)
Entrapment PL 40.05
Enterprise PL 175.00 (sub 1)
Enter or remain unlawfully PL 140.00 (sub 5)
Emergency operation VTL 1 (114-b)
Emergency ambulance service vehicle VTL 1 (115-c)
Eligible youth CPL 720.10 (sub 2)
Electronic stun gun PL 265.00 (sub 15c)
Electronic signature PL 190.77 (sub 2a)
Electronic dart gun PL 265.00 (sub 15a)
Electronic access device PL 170.00 (sub 8)
Electric personal assistive mobility device VTL 1 (114-d)
Dwelling PL 140.00 (sub 3)
Duress PL 40.00
Drug trafficking felony PL 10.00 (sub 21)
Driveway VTL 1 (114)
Driver VTL 1 (113)
Drawer PL 190.77 (sub 2)
Diversion services FCA 712 (i)
District attorney CPL 1.20 (sub 32)
Dispositional hearing FCA 712 (f)
Dispose of PL 265.00 (sub 6)
Disguised gun PL 265.00 (sub 20)
Detention facility PL 205.00 (sub 1)
Detention FCA 712 (b)
Deprive PL 155.00 (sub 3)
Department of transportation VTL 1 (112-a)
Department VTL 1 (112)
Delivery system PL 490.05 (sub 7)
Definition of snow tire VTL 1 (145-d)
Defense PL 25.00 (sub 1)
Deface PL 265.00 (sub 7)
Debit card PL 155.00 (sub 7a)
Dealer in firearms PL 265.00 (sub 9)
Deadly weapon PL 10.00 (sub 12)
Deadly physical force PL 10.00 (sub 11)
Dangerous instrument PL 10.00 (sub 13)
Dangerous contraband PL 205.00 (sub 4)
Custody PL 205.00 (sub 2)
Curb VTL 1 (111)
Culpable mental state PL 15.00 (sub 6)
Crosswalk VTL 1 (110)
Criminal proceeding CPL 1.20 (sub 18)
Criminal negligence PL 15.05 (sub 4)
Criminal diversion act PL 178.00 (sub 3)
Criminal court CPL 10.10 (sub 1)
Criminal conduct PL 470.00 (sub 4)
Criminal action CPL 1.20 (sub 16)
Crime PL 10.00 (sub 6)
Credit card PL 155.00 (sub 7)
County emergency medical services vehicle VTL 1 (109-b)
County CPL 1.20 (sub 36)
Correction vehicle VTL 1 (109-a)
Conviction CPL 1.20 (sub 13)
Controlled-access highway VTL 1 (109)
Contraband PL 205.00 (sub 3)
Contest of chance PL 225.00 (sub 1)
Consecutive counts CPL 300.30 (sub 2)
Conducts PL 470.00 (sub 2)
Conduct PL 15.00 (sub 4)
Concurrent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 3)
Computer service PL 156.00 (sub 4)
Computer program PL 156.00 (sub 2)
Computer network PL 156.00 (sub 6)
Computer material PL 156.00 (sub 5)
Computer data PL 156.00 (sub 3)
Computer PL 156.00 (sub 1)
Complete written instrument PL 170.00 (sub 2)
Compact PL 225.00 (sub 20)
Community gun PL 115.20
Commitment to the custody of the sheriff CPL 1.20 (sub 35)
Commissioner VTL 1 (108)
Commercial towing VTL 1 (107-b)
Commercial motor vehicle VTL 509p (sub 1)
Commercial motor carrier VTL 509p (sub 4)
Commercial driver VTL 509p (sub 3)
Commencement of criminal action CPL 1.20 (sub 17)
Coin operated gambling device PL 225.00 (sub 7a)
Classes of cities VTL 1 (107)
Class III gaming PL 225.00 (sub 19)
Class I gaming PL 225.00 (sub 18)
Civil defense emergency vehicle VTL 1 (106-a)
Circulatory roadway VTL 1 (106)
Chuka stick PL 265.00 (sub 14)
Child day car provider PL 10.00 (sub 19)
Cheques PL 225.00 (sub 17)
Chemical weapons convention PL 490.05 (sub 17)
Chemical weapon PL 490.05 (sub 10)
Check PL 190.77 (sub 1)
Certificate of registration VTL 1 (105-a)
Casino gaming PL 225.00 (sub 15)
Cash equivalent PL 225.00 (sub 16)
Cash bail CPL 500.10 (sub 10)
Cane sword PL 265.00 (sub 13)
Cable television service PL 155.00 (sub 9)
Business record PL 175.00 (sub 2)
Business district VTL 1 (105)
Bus VTL 1 (104)
Bureau VTL 1 (103)
Building PL 140.00 (sub 2)
Bookmaking PL 225.00 (sub 9)
Boat transporter VTL 1 (101-b)
Blood delivery vehicle VTL 1 (117-d)
Biological weapon PL 490.05 (sub 9)
Biological agent PL 490.05 (sub 5)
Bicycle path VTL 1 (102-b)
Bicycle lane VTL 1 (102-a)
Bicycle VTL 1 (102)
Benefit PL 10.00 (sub 17)
Bench warrant CPL 1.20 (sub 30)
Bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 13)
Bail CPL 500.10 (sub 9)
B-train assembly VTL 1 (101-c)
Automobile transporter VTL 1 (101-a)
Automatic knife PL 265.00 (sub 5c)
Authorized gaming operator PL 225.00 (sub 14)
Authorized gaming establishment PL 225.00 (sub 13)
Authorized emergency vehicle VTL 1 (101)
Attesting officer PL 210.00 (sub 6)
Assault weapon PL 265.00 (sub 22)
Articulated bus VTL 1 (100-c)
Arraignment CPL 1.20 (sub 9)
Armor piercing ammunition PL 265.00 (sub 18)
Armed felony CPL 1.20 (sub 41)
Appropriate PL 155.00 (sub 4)
Application for recognizance or bail CPL 500.10 (sub 7)
Appearance ticket CPL 1.20 (sub 26)
Appearance bond CPL 500.10 (sub 14)
Antique firearm PL 265.00 (sub 10)
Anal sexual conduct PL 130.00 (sub 2b)
Ambulance VTL 1 (100-b)
Agricultural equipment VTL 1 (100-d)
Aggravated sexual contact PL 130.00 (sub 11)
Aggravated circumstances FCA 712 (g)
Affirmative defense PL 25.00 (sub 2)
Advance gambling activity PL 225.00 (sub 4)
Act of terrorism PL 490.05 (sub 1)
Act PL 15.00 (sub 1)
Accusatory instrument CPL 1.20 (sub 1)
Access highway VTL 1 (100-a)
Access device PL 155.00 (sub 7c)
Access PL 156.00 (sub 7)
Abortional act PL 125.05 (sub 2)
Abduct PL 135.00 (sub 2)