NY State Laws

Laws of New York

New York State Consolidated Laws


Laws of New York

This site contains the full online searchable text of the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law, the Criminal Procedure Law, the Penal Law and the Vehicle and Traffic Law for the State of New York. Also the U.S. Constitution, Civil Rights Law, Family Court Act and selected articles from the Navigation Law.

Law Terms Defined / Legal Definitions

Terms are defined as per the law listed.
CPL= Criminal Procedure Law
FCA= Family Court Act
PL= Penal Law
VTL= Vehicle Traffic Law
Columns sorted by selecting TERM or LAW. 496 terms currently listed.
TERM LAW ARTICLE
Access highway VTL 1 (100-a)
Ambulance VTL 1 (100-b)
Articulated bus VTL 1 (100-c)
Agricultural equipment VTL 1 (100-d)
Authorized emergency vehicle VTL 1 (101)
Automobile transporter VTL 1 (101-a)
Boat transporter VTL 1 (101-b)
B-train assembly VTL 1 (101-c)
Bicycle VTL 1 (102)
Bicycle lane VTL 1 (102-a)
Bicycle path VTL 1 (102-b)
Bureau VTL 1 (103)
Bus VTL 1 (104)
Business district VTL 1 (105)
Certificate of registration VTL 1 (105-a)
Circulatory roadway VTL 1 (106)
Civil defense emergency vehicle VTL 1 (106-a)
Classes of cities VTL 1 (107)
Commercial towing VTL 1 (107-b)
Commissioner VTL 1 (108)
Controlled-access highway VTL 1 (109)
Correction vehicle VTL 1 (109-a)
County emergency medical services vehicle VTL 1 (109-b)
Crosswalk VTL 1 (110)
Curb VTL 1 (111)
Department VTL 1 (112)
Department of transportation VTL 1 (112-a)
Driver VTL 1 (113)
Driveway VTL 1 (114)
Emergency operation VTL 1 (114-b)
Escort vehicle VTL 1 (114-c)
Electric personal assistive mobility device VTL 1 (114-d)
Fire vehicle VTL 1 (115-a)
Flagperson VTL 1 (115-b)
Emergency ambulance service vehicle VTL 1 (115-c)
Flammable liquid VTL 1 (116)
Gross weight VTL 1 (117)
Hazard vehicle VTL 1 (117-a)
Hazardous operation VTL 1 (117-b)
Hazardous materials emergency vehicle VTL 1 (117-c)
Blood delivery vehicle VTL 1 (117-d)
Highway VTL 1 (118)
House coach VTL 1 (119)
Ignition interlock device VTL 1 (119-a)
Inflatable restraint system VTL 1 (119-b)
Intersection VTL 1 (120)
Laned roadway VTL 1 (121)
Limited use automobile VTL 1 (121-a)
Limited use motorcycle VTL 1 (121-b)
Limited use vehicle VTL 1 (121-c)
Leased vehicle VTL 1 (121-d)
Livery VTL 1 (121-e)
Low speed vehicle VTL 1 (121-f)
Local authorities VTL 1 (122)
Maximum gross weight VTL 1 (122-a)
Maximum performance speed VTL 1 (122-b)
Mobile home or manufactured home VTL 1 (122-c)
Motorcycle VTL 1 (123)
Motor vehicles VTL 1 (125)
Off-highway motorcycle VTL 1 (125-a)
Omnibus VTL 1 (126)
Overhang VTL 1 (127)
Park or parking VTL 1 (129)
Parking area of a shopping center VTL 1 (129-a)
Parking lot VTL 1 (129-b)
Pedestrian VTL 1 (130)
Wheelchair VTL 1 (130-a)
Place of public assembly VTL 1 (131-a)
Police vehicle VTL 1 (132-a)
Private road VTL 1 (133)
Public highway VTL 1 (134)
Qualifying highway VTL 1 (134-a)
Radar detector VTL 1 (134-b)
Laser detector VTL 1 (134-c)
Railroad VTL 1 (135)
Railroad sign or signal VTL 1 (136)
Railroad train VTL 1 (137)
Rental vehicle VTL 1 (137-a)
Residence district VTL 1 (138)
Right of way VTL 1 (139)
Roadway VTL 1 (140)
In-line skate VTL 1 (140-a)
Roller skate VTL 1 (140-b)
Skate board VTL 1 (140-c)
Roundabout VTL 1 (140-d)
Safety zone VTL 1 (141)
Sani-vans VTL 1 (141-a)
Sanitation patrol vehicle VTL 1 (141-a2)
School bus VTL 1 (142)
Semitrailer VTL 1 (143)
Shoulder VTL 1 (143-a)
Sidewalk VTL 1 (144)
Slope VTL 1 (144-a)
Snow emergency VTL 1 (144-b)
Stand or standing VTL 1 (145)
State expressway routes VTL 1 (145-a)
State interstate routes VTL 1 (145-b)
Snow emergency route VTL 1 (145-c)
Definition of snow tire VTL 1 (145-d)
Commercial motor vehicle VTL 509p (sub 1)
Gross vehicle weight rating VTL 509p (sub 2)
Commercial driver VTL 509p (sub 3)
Commercial motor carrier VTL 509p (sub 4)
Offense PL 10.00 (sub 1)
Violation PL 10.00 (sub 3)
Misdemeanor PL 10.00 (sub 4)
Felony PL 10.00 (sub 5)
Crime PL 10.00 (sub 6)
Person PL 10.00 (sub 7)
Possess PL 10.00 (sub 8)
Physical injury PL 10.00 (sub 9)
Serious physical injury PL 10.00 (sub 10)
Deadly physical force PL 10.00 (sub 11)
Deadly weapon PL 10.00 (sub 12)
Dangerous instrument PL 10.00 (sub 13)
Gambling PL 225.00 (sub 2)
Public servant PL 10.00 (sub 15)
Juror PL 10.00 (sub 16)
Benefit PL 10.00 (sub 17)
Juvenile offender PL 10.00 (sub 18)
Child day car provider PL 10.00 (sub 19)
Drug trafficking felony PL 10.00 (sub 21)
Act PL 15.00 (sub 1)
Voluntary act PL 15.00 (sub 2)
Omission PL 15.00 (sub 3)
Conduct PL 15.00 (sub 4)
To act PL 15.00 (sub 5)
Culpable mental state PL 15.00 (sub 6)
Intentionally PL 15.05 (sub 1)
Knowingly PL 15.05 (sub 2)
Recklessly PL 15.05 (sub 3)
Criminal negligence PL 15.05 (sub 4)
Defense PL 25.00 (sub 1)
Affirmative defense PL 25.00 (sub 2)
Duress PL 40.00
Entrapment PL 40.05
Renunciation PL 40.10
Mental disease or defect PL 40.15
Abortional act PL 125.05 (sub 2)
Justifiable abortional act PL 125.05 (sub 3)
Community gun PL 115.20
Immediate family PL 120.40
Sexual intercourse PL 130.00 (sub 1)
Anal sexual conduct PL 130.00 (sub 2b)
Sexual contact PL 130.00 (sub 3)
Married PL 130.00 (sub 4)
Mentally disabled PL 130.00 (sub 5)
Mentally incapacitated PL 130.00 (sub 6)
Physically helpless PL 130.00 (sub 7)
Forcible compulsion PL 130.00 (sub 8)
Foreign object PL 130.00 (sub 9)
Sexual conduct PL 130.00 (sub 10)
Aggravated sexual contact PL 130.00 (sub 11)
Health care provider PL 130.00 (sub 12)
Mental health care provider PL 130.00 (sub 13)
Restrain PL 135.00 (sub 1)
Abduct PL 135.00 (sub 2)
Relative PL 135.00 (sub 3)
Premises PL 140.00 (sub 1)
Building PL 140.00 (sub 2)
Dwelling PL 140.00 (sub 3)
Night PL 140.00 (sub 4)
Enter or remain unlawfully PL 140.00 (sub 5)
Property of another PL 145.13
Oral sexual conduct PL 130.00 (sub 2a)
Property PL 155.00 (sub 1)
Obtain PL 155.00 (sub 2)
Deprive PL 155.00 (sub 3)
Appropriate PL 155.00 (sub 4)
Owner PL 155.00 (sub 5)
Secret scientific material PL 155.00 (sub 6)
Credit card PL 155.00 (sub 7)
Debit card PL 155.00 (sub 7a)
Public benefit card PL 155.00 (sub 7b)
Access device PL 155.00 (sub 7c)
Service PL 155.00 (sub 8)
Cable television service PL 155.00 (sub 9)
Computer PL 156.00 (sub 1)
Computer program PL 156.00 (sub 2)
Computer data PL 156.00 (sub 3)
Computer service PL 156.00 (sub 4)
Computer material PL 156.00 (sub 5)
Computer network PL 156.00 (sub 6)
Access PL 156.00 (sub 7)
Without authorization PL 156.00 (sub 8)
Fraudulent welfare act PL 158.00 (sub 1b)
Public assistance benefits PL 158.00 (sub 1c)
Written instrument PL 170.00 (sub 1)
Complete written instrument PL 170.00 (sub 2)
Incomplete written instrument PL 170.00 (sub 3)
Falsely make PL 170.00 (sub 4)
Falsely complete PL 170.00 (sub 5)
Falsely alter PL 170.00 (sub 6)
Forged instrument PL 170.00 (sub 7)
Electronic access device PL 170.00 (sub 8)
Enterprise PL 175.00 (sub 1)
Business record PL 175.00 (sub 2)
Insurance policy PL 176.00 (sub 1)
Statement PL 176.00 (sub 2)
Personal insurance PL 176.00 (sub 4)
Health plan PL 177.00 (sub 1)
Prescription medication or device PL 178.00 (sub 1)
Prescription PL 178.00 (sub 2)
Criminal diversion act PL 178.00 (sub 3)
Labor official PL 180.10
Sports contest PL 180.00 (sub 1)
Sports participant PL 180.00 (sub 2)
Sports official PL 180.00 (sub 3)
Pari-mutuel betting PL 180.00 (sub 4)
Pari-mutuel horse race PL 180.00 (sub 5)
Residential mortgage loan PL 187.00 (sub 2)
Residential real property PL 187.00 (sub 3)
Residential mortgage fraud PL 187.00 (sub 4)
Personal identifying information PL 190.77 (sub 1)
Electronic signature PL 190.77 (sub 2a)
Personal identification number PL 190.77 (sub 2b)
Member of armed forces PL 190.77 (sub 2c)
Check PL 190.77 (sub 1)
Representative drawer PL 190.77 (sub 3)
Pass PL 190.77 (sub 5)
Insufficient funds PL 190.77 (sub 7)
Drawer PL 190.77 (sub 2)
Utter PL 190.77 (sub 4)
Funds PL 190.77 (sub 6)
Party officer PL 200.40
Detention facility PL 205.00 (sub 1)
Custody PL 205.00 (sub 2)
Contraband PL 205.00 (sub 3)
Dangerous contraband PL 205.00 (sub 4)
Oath PL 210.00 (sub 1)
Swear PL 210.00 (sub 2)
Testimony PL 210.00 (sub 3)
Oath required by law PL 210.00 (sub 4)
Swear falsely PL 210.00 (sub 5)
Attesting officer PL 210.00 (sub 6)
Jurat PL 210.00 (sub 7)
Physical evidence PL 215.35
Official proceeding PL 215.35
Violent felony offense PL 70.02
Second violent felony offender PL 70.04
Second felony offender PL 70.06
Persistent violent felony offender PL 70.08
Persistent felony offender PL 70.10
Contest of chance PL 225.00 (sub 1)
Player PL 225.00 (sub 3)
Advance gambling activity PL 225.00 (sub 4)
Profit from gambling activity PL 225.00 (sub 5)
Something of value PL 225.00 (sub 6)
Gambling device PL 225.00 (sub 7)
Coin operated gambling device PL 225.00 (sub 7a)
Slot machine PL 225.00 (sub 8)
Bookmaking PL 225.00 (sub 9)
Lottery PL 225.00 (sub 10)
Policy PL 225.00 (sub 11)
Unlawful PL 225.00 (sub 12)
Authorized gaming establishment PL 225.00 (sub 13)
Authorized gaming operator PL 225.00 (sub 14)
Casino gaming PL 225.00 (sub 15)
Cash equivalent PL 225.00 (sub 16)
Cheques PL 225.00 (sub 17)
Class I gaming PL 225.00 (sub 18)
Class III gaming PL 225.00 (sub 19)
Compact PL 225.00 (sub 20)
Gaming equipment or device PL 225.00 (sub 21)
Gaming regulatory authority PL 225.00 (sub 22)
Gaming compact PL 225.00 (sub 20)
Sell PL 225.00 (sub 24)
State gaming agency PL 225.00 (sub 25)
Unfair gaming equipment PL 225.00 (sub 26)
Unlawful gaming property PL 225.00 (sub 27)
Video lottery gaming PL 225.00 (sub 28)
Voucher PL 225.00 (sub 29)
Act of terrorism PL 490.05 (sub 1)
Material support or resources PL 490.05 (sub 2)
Biological agent PL 490.05 (sub 5)
Toxin PL 490.05 (sub 6)
Delivery system PL 490.05 (sub 7)
Vector PL 490.05 (sub 8)
Biological weapon PL 490.05 (sub 9)
Chemical weapon PL 490.05 (sub 10)
Precursor PL 490.05 (sub 11)
Toxic chemical PL 490.05 (sub 13)
Select chemical agent PL 490.05 (sub 15)
Select biological agent PL 490.05 (sub 16)
Chemical weapons convention PL 490.05 (sub 17)
Proceeds PL 480.00 (sub 3)
Substituted proceeds PL 480.00 (sub 4)
Instrumentality of a felony controlled substance offense PL 480.00 (sub 5)
Real property instrumentality of a crime PL 480.00 (sub 6)
Monetary instrument PL 470.00 (sub 1)
Conducts PL 470.00 (sub 2)
Transaction PL 470.00 (sub 3)
Criminal conduct PL 470.00 (sub 4)
Specified criminal conduct PL 470.00 (sub 5)
Financial institution PL 470.00 (sub 6)
Financial transaction PL 470.00 (sub 7)
Represented PL 470.00 (sub 8)
Law enforcement officer PL 470.00 (sub 9)
Scheme PL 496.01
Medical Marihuana PL 179.00
Laser PL 240.76 (3a)
FAA PL 240.76 (3a)
Machine-gun PL 265.00 (sub 1)
Firearm silencer PL 265.00 (sub 2)
Firearm PL 265.00 (sub 3)
Switchblade knife PL 265.00 (sub 4)
Gravity knife PL 265.00 (sub 5)
Pilum ballistic knife PL 265.00 (sub 5a)
Metal knuckle knife PL 265.00 (sub 5b)
Automatic knife PL 265.00 (sub 5c)
Dispose of PL 265.00 (sub 6)
Deface PL 265.00 (sub 7)
Dealer in firearms PL 265.00 (sub 9)
Licensing officer PL 265.00 (sub 10)
Rifle PL 265.00 (sub 11)
Shotgun PL 265.00 (sub 12)
Cane sword PL 265.00 (sub 13)
Antique firearm PL 265.00 (sub 10)
Chuka stick PL 265.00 (sub 14)
Loaded firearm PL 265.00 (sub 15)
Electronic dart gun PL 265.00 (sub 15a)
Kung Fu star PL 265.00 (sub 15)
Electronic stun gun PL 265.00 (sub 15c)
Serious offense PL 265.00 (sub 17)
Armor piercing ammunition PL 265.00 (sub 18)
Disguised gun PL 265.00 (sub 20)
Semiautomatic PL 265.00 (sub 21)
Assault weapon PL 265.00 (sub 22)
Person in need of supervision FCA 712 (a)
Detention FCA 712 (b)
Secure detention facility FCA 712 (c)
Non-secure detention facility FCA 712 (d)
Fact-finding hearing FCA 712 (e)
Dispositional hearing FCA 712 (f)
Aggravated circumstances FCA 712 (g)
Permanency hearing FCA 712 (h)
Diversion services FCA 712 (i)
Substance use disorder FCA 712 (j)
Peace officer CPL 2.10
Accusatory instrument CPL 1.20 (sub 1)
Local criminal court accusatory instrument CPL 1.20 (sub 2)
Indictment CPL 1.20 (sub 3)
Superior court information CPL 1.20 (sub 3a)
Information CPL 1.20 (sub 4)
Simplified traffic information CPL 1.20 (sub 5b)
Simplified parks information CPL 1.20 (sub 5c)
Simplified environmental conservation information CPL 1.20 (sub 5d)
Simplified information CPL 1.20 (sub 5a)
Prosecutor's information CPL 1.20 (sub 6)
Misdemeanor complaint CPL 1.20 (sub 7)
Felony complaint CPL 1.20 (sub 8)
Arraignment CPL 1.20 (sub 9)
Plea CPL 1.20(sub 10)
Trial CPL 1.20 (sub 11)
Verdict CPL 1.20 (sub 12)
Conviction CPL 1.20 (sub 13)
Sentence CPL 1.20 (sub 14)
Judgment CPL 1.20 (sub 15)
Criminal action CPL 1.20 (sub 16)
Commencement of criminal action CPL 1.20 (sub 17)
Criminal proceeding CPL 1.20 (sub 18)
Criminal court CPL 10.10 (sub 1)
Superior court CPL 10.10 (sub 2)
Local criminal court CPL 10.10 (sub 3)
Intermediate appellate court CPL 1.20 (sub 22)
Judge CPL 1.20 (sub 23)
Trial jurisdiction CPL 1.20 (sub 24)
Preliminary jurisdiction CPL 1.20 (sub 25)
Appearance ticket CPL 1.20 (sub 26)
Summons CPL 1.20 (sub 27)
Warrant of arrest CPL 1.20 (sub 28)
Superior court warrant of arrest CPL 1.20 (sub 29)
Bench warrant CPL 1.20 (sub 30)
Prosecutor CPL 1.20 (sub 31)
District attorney CPL 1.20 (sub 32)
Police officer CPL 1.20 (sub 34)
Geographical area of employment CPL 1.20 (sub 34a)
Commitment to the custody of the sheriff CPL 1.20 (sub 35)
County CPL 1.20 (sub 36)
Lesser included offense CPL 1.20 (sub 37)
Petty offense CPL 1.20 (sub 39)
Evidence in chief CPL 1.20 (sub 40)
Armed felony CPL 1.20 (sub 41)
Judicial hearing officer CPL 1.20 (sub 43)
Youth CPL 720.10 (sub 1)
Eligible youth CPL 720.10 (sub 2)
Youthful offender finding CPL 720.10 (sub 4)
Youth offender sentence CPL 720.10 (sub 5)
Youthful offender adjudication CPL 720.10 (sub 6)
Submission of a count CPL 300.30 (sub 1)
Consecutive counts CPL 300.30 (sub 2)
Concurrent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 3)
Inclusory concurrent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 4)
Inconsistent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 5)
Single judge trial CPL 340.10 (sub 2)
Jury Trial CPL 340.10 (sub 3)
Principal CPL 500.10 (sub 1)
Release on own recognizance CPL 500.10 (sub 2)
Fix bail CPL 500.10 (sub 3)
Securing order CPL 500.10 (sub 5)
Order of recognizance or bail CPL 500.10 (sub 6)
Application for recognizance or bail CPL 500.10 (sub 7)
Post bail CPL 500.10 (sub 8)
Bail CPL 500.10 (sub 9)
Cash bail CPL 500.10 (sub 10)
Obligor CPL 500.10 (sub 11)
Surety CPL 500.10 (sub 12)
Bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 13)
Appearance bond CPL 500.10 (sub 14)
Surety bond CPL 500.10 (sub 15)
Insurance company bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 16)
Secured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 17)
Partially secured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 18)
Unsecured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 19)