NY State Laws

Laws of New York

New York State Consolidated Laws


Laws of New York

This site contains the full online searchable text of the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law, the Criminal Procedure Law, the Penal Law and the Vehicle and Traffic Law for the State of New York. Also the U.S. Constitution, Civil Rights Law, Family Court Act and selected articles from the Navigation Law.

Law Terms Defined / Legal Definitions

Terms are defined as per the law listed.
CPL= Criminal Procedure Law
FCA= Family Court Act
PL= Penal Law
VTL= Vehicle Traffic Law
Columns sorted by selecting TERM or LAW. 496 terms currently listed.
TERM LAW ARTICLE
Commercial motor carrier VTL 509p (sub 4)
Commercial driver VTL 509p (sub 3)
Gross vehicle weight rating VTL 509p (sub 2)
Commercial motor vehicle VTL 509p (sub 1)
Stand or standing VTL 1 (145)
Definition of snow tire VTL 1 (145-d)
Snow emergency route VTL 1 (145-c)
State interstate routes VTL 1 (145-b)
State expressway routes VTL 1 (145-a)
Sidewalk VTL 1 (144)
Snow emergency VTL 1 (144-b)
Slope VTL 1 (144-a)
Semitrailer VTL 1 (143)
Shoulder VTL 1 (143-a)
School bus VTL 1 (142)
Sanitation patrol vehicle VTL 1 (141-a2)
Safety zone VTL 1 (141)
Sani-vans VTL 1 (141-a)
Roadway VTL 1 (140)
Roundabout VTL 1 (140-d)
Skate board VTL 1 (140-c)
Roller skate VTL 1 (140-b)
In-line skate VTL 1 (140-a)
Right of way VTL 1 (139)
Residence district VTL 1 (138)
Railroad train VTL 1 (137)
Rental vehicle VTL 1 (137-a)
Railroad sign or signal VTL 1 (136)
Railroad VTL 1 (135)
Public highway VTL 1 (134)
Laser detector VTL 1 (134-c)
Radar detector VTL 1 (134-b)
Qualifying highway VTL 1 (134-a)
Private road VTL 1 (133)
Police vehicle VTL 1 (132-a)
Place of public assembly VTL 1 (131-a)
Pedestrian VTL 1 (130)
Wheelchair VTL 1 (130-a)
Park or parking VTL 1 (129)
Parking lot VTL 1 (129-b)
Parking area of a shopping center VTL 1 (129-a)
Overhang VTL 1 (127)
Omnibus VTL 1 (126)
Motor vehicles VTL 1 (125)
Off-highway motorcycle VTL 1 (125-a)
Motorcycle VTL 1 (123)
Local authorities VTL 1 (122)
Mobile home or manufactured home VTL 1 (122-c)
Maximum performance speed VTL 1 (122-b)
Maximum gross weight VTL 1 (122-a)
Laned roadway VTL 1 (121)
Low speed vehicle VTL 1 (121-f)
Livery VTL 1 (121-e)
Leased vehicle VTL 1 (121-d)
Limited use vehicle VTL 1 (121-c)
Limited use motorcycle VTL 1 (121-b)
Limited use automobile VTL 1 (121-a)
Intersection VTL 1 (120)
House coach VTL 1 (119)
Inflatable restraint system VTL 1 (119-b)
Ignition interlock device VTL 1 (119-a)
Highway VTL 1 (118)
Gross weight VTL 1 (117)
Blood delivery vehicle VTL 1 (117-d)
Hazardous materials emergency vehicle VTL 1 (117-c)
Hazardous operation VTL 1 (117-b)
Hazard vehicle VTL 1 (117-a)
Flammable liquid VTL 1 (116)
Emergency ambulance service vehicle VTL 1 (115-c)
Flagperson VTL 1 (115-b)
Fire vehicle VTL 1 (115-a)
Driveway VTL 1 (114)
Electric personal assistive mobility device VTL 1 (114-d)
Escort vehicle VTL 1 (114-c)
Emergency operation VTL 1 (114-b)
Driver VTL 1 (113)
Department VTL 1 (112)
Department of transportation VTL 1 (112-a)
Curb VTL 1 (111)
Crosswalk VTL 1 (110)
Controlled-access highway VTL 1 (109)
County emergency medical services vehicle VTL 1 (109-b)
Correction vehicle VTL 1 (109-a)
Commissioner VTL 1 (108)
Classes of cities VTL 1 (107)
Commercial towing VTL 1 (107-b)
Circulatory roadway VTL 1 (106)
Civil defense emergency vehicle VTL 1 (106-a)
Business district VTL 1 (105)
Certificate of registration VTL 1 (105-a)
Bus VTL 1 (104)
Bureau VTL 1 (103)
Bicycle VTL 1 (102)
Bicycle path VTL 1 (102-b)
Bicycle lane VTL 1 (102-a)
Authorized emergency vehicle VTL 1 (101)
B-train assembly VTL 1 (101-c)
Boat transporter VTL 1 (101-b)
Automobile transporter VTL 1 (101-a)
Agricultural equipment VTL 1 (100-d)
Articulated bus VTL 1 (100-c)
Ambulance VTL 1 (100-b)
Access highway VTL 1 (100-a)
Persistent felony offender PL 70.10
Persistent violent felony offender PL 70.08
Second felony offender PL 70.06
Second violent felony offender PL 70.04
Violent felony offense PL 70.02
Scheme PL 496.01
Biological weapon PL 490.05 (sub 9)
Vector PL 490.05 (sub 8)
Delivery system PL 490.05 (sub 7)
Toxin PL 490.05 (sub 6)
Biological agent PL 490.05 (sub 5)
Material support or resources PL 490.05 (sub 2)
Chemical weapons convention PL 490.05 (sub 17)
Select biological agent PL 490.05 (sub 16)
Select chemical agent PL 490.05 (sub 15)
Toxic chemical PL 490.05 (sub 13)
Precursor PL 490.05 (sub 11)
Chemical weapon PL 490.05 (sub 10)
Act of terrorism PL 490.05 (sub 1)
Real property instrumentality of a crime PL 480.00 (sub 6)
Instrumentality of a felony controlled substance offense PL 480.00 (sub 5)
Substituted proceeds PL 480.00 (sub 4)
Proceeds PL 480.00 (sub 3)
Law enforcement officer PL 470.00 (sub 9)
Represented PL 470.00 (sub 8)
Financial transaction PL 470.00 (sub 7)
Financial institution PL 470.00 (sub 6)
Specified criminal conduct PL 470.00 (sub 5)
Criminal conduct PL 470.00 (sub 4)
Transaction PL 470.00 (sub 3)
Conducts PL 470.00 (sub 2)
Monetary instrument PL 470.00 (sub 1)
Mental disease or defect PL 40.15
Renunciation PL 40.10
Entrapment PL 40.05
Duress PL 40.00
Dealer in firearms PL 265.00 (sub 9)
Deface PL 265.00 (sub 7)
Dispose of PL 265.00 (sub 6)
Automatic knife PL 265.00 (sub 5c)
Metal knuckle knife PL 265.00 (sub 5b)
Pilum ballistic knife PL 265.00 (sub 5a)
Gravity knife PL 265.00 (sub 5)
Switchblade knife PL 265.00 (sub 4)
Firearm PL 265.00 (sub 3)
Assault weapon PL 265.00 (sub 22)
Semiautomatic PL 265.00 (sub 21)
Disguised gun PL 265.00 (sub 20)
Firearm silencer PL 265.00 (sub 2)
Armor piercing ammunition PL 265.00 (sub 18)
Serious offense PL 265.00 (sub 17)
Electronic stun gun PL 265.00 (sub 15c)
Kung Fu star PL 265.00 (sub 15)
Electronic dart gun PL 265.00 (sub 15a)
Loaded firearm PL 265.00 (sub 15)
Chuka stick PL 265.00 (sub 14)
Antique firearm PL 265.00 (sub 10)
Cane sword PL 265.00 (sub 13)
Shotgun PL 265.00 (sub 12)
Rifle PL 265.00 (sub 11)
Licensing officer PL 265.00 (sub 10)
Machine-gun PL 265.00 (sub 1)
Affirmative defense PL 25.00 (sub 2)
Defense PL 25.00 (sub 1)
Laser PL 240.76 (3a)
FAA PL 240.76 (3a)
Bookmaking PL 225.00 (sub 9)
Slot machine PL 225.00 (sub 8)
Coin operated gambling device PL 225.00 (sub 7a)
Gambling device PL 225.00 (sub 7)
Something of value PL 225.00 (sub 6)
Profit from gambling activity PL 225.00 (sub 5)
Advance gambling activity PL 225.00 (sub 4)
Player PL 225.00 (sub 3)
Voucher PL 225.00 (sub 29)
Video lottery gaming PL 225.00 (sub 28)
Unlawful gaming property PL 225.00 (sub 27)
Unfair gaming equipment PL 225.00 (sub 26)
State gaming agency PL 225.00 (sub 25)
Sell PL 225.00 (sub 24)
Gaming regulatory authority PL 225.00 (sub 22)
Gaming equipment or device PL 225.00 (sub 21)
Compact PL 225.00 (sub 20)
Gaming compact PL 225.00 (sub 20)
Gambling PL 225.00 (sub 2)
Class III gaming PL 225.00 (sub 19)
Class I gaming PL 225.00 (sub 18)
Cheques PL 225.00 (sub 17)
Cash equivalent PL 225.00 (sub 16)
Casino gaming PL 225.00 (sub 15)
Authorized gaming operator PL 225.00 (sub 14)
Authorized gaming establishment PL 225.00 (sub 13)
Unlawful PL 225.00 (sub 12)
Policy PL 225.00 (sub 11)
Lottery PL 225.00 (sub 10)
Contest of chance PL 225.00 (sub 1)
Physical evidence PL 215.35
Official proceeding PL 215.35
Jurat PL 210.00 (sub 7)
Attesting officer PL 210.00 (sub 6)
Swear falsely PL 210.00 (sub 5)
Oath required by law PL 210.00 (sub 4)
Testimony PL 210.00 (sub 3)
Swear PL 210.00 (sub 2)
Oath PL 210.00 (sub 1)
Dangerous contraband PL 205.00 (sub 4)
Contraband PL 205.00 (sub 3)
Custody PL 205.00 (sub 2)
Detention facility PL 205.00 (sub 1)
Party officer PL 200.40
Member of armed forces PL 190.77 (sub 2c)
Personal identification number PL 190.77 (sub 2b)
Electronic signature PL 190.77 (sub 2a)
Insufficient funds PL 190.77 (sub 7)
Funds PL 190.77 (sub 6)
Pass PL 190.77 (sub 5)
Utter PL 190.77 (sub 4)
Representative drawer PL 190.77 (sub 3)
Drawer PL 190.77 (sub 2)
Check PL 190.77 (sub 1)
Personal identifying information PL 190.77 (sub 1)
Residential mortgage fraud PL 187.00 (sub 4)
Residential real property PL 187.00 (sub 3)
Residential mortgage loan PL 187.00 (sub 2)
Pari-mutuel horse race PL 180.00 (sub 5)
Pari-mutuel betting PL 180.00 (sub 4)
Sports official PL 180.00 (sub 3)
Sports participant PL 180.00 (sub 2)
Sports contest PL 180.00 (sub 1)
Labor official PL 180.10
Medical Marihuana PL 179.00
Criminal diversion act PL 178.00 (sub 3)
Prescription PL 178.00 (sub 2)
Prescription medication or device PL 178.00 (sub 1)
Health plan PL 177.00 (sub 1)
Personal insurance PL 176.00 (sub 4)
Statement PL 176.00 (sub 2)
Insurance policy PL 176.00 (sub 1)
Business record PL 175.00 (sub 2)
Enterprise PL 175.00 (sub 1)
Electronic access device PL 170.00 (sub 8)
Forged instrument PL 170.00 (sub 7)
Falsely alter PL 170.00 (sub 6)
Falsely complete PL 170.00 (sub 5)
Falsely make PL 170.00 (sub 4)
Incomplete written instrument PL 170.00 (sub 3)
Complete written instrument PL 170.00 (sub 2)
Written instrument PL 170.00 (sub 1)
Public assistance benefits PL 158.00 (sub 1c)
Fraudulent welfare act PL 158.00 (sub 1b)
Without authorization PL 156.00 (sub 8)
Access PL 156.00 (sub 7)
Computer network PL 156.00 (sub 6)
Computer material PL 156.00 (sub 5)
Computer service PL 156.00 (sub 4)
Computer data PL 156.00 (sub 3)
Computer program PL 156.00 (sub 2)
Computer PL 156.00 (sub 1)
Cable television service PL 155.00 (sub 9)
Service PL 155.00 (sub 8)
Access device PL 155.00 (sub 7c)
Public benefit card PL 155.00 (sub 7b)
Debit card PL 155.00 (sub 7a)
Credit card PL 155.00 (sub 7)
Secret scientific material PL 155.00 (sub 6)
Owner PL 155.00 (sub 5)
Appropriate PL 155.00 (sub 4)
Deprive PL 155.00 (sub 3)
Obtain PL 155.00 (sub 2)
Property PL 155.00 (sub 1)
Criminal negligence PL 15.05 (sub 4)
Recklessly PL 15.05 (sub 3)
Knowingly PL 15.05 (sub 2)
Intentionally PL 15.05 (sub 1)
Culpable mental state PL 15.00 (sub 6)
To act PL 15.00 (sub 5)
Conduct PL 15.00 (sub 4)
Omission PL 15.00 (sub 3)
Voluntary act PL 15.00 (sub 2)
Act PL 15.00 (sub 1)
Property of another PL 145.13
Enter or remain unlawfully PL 140.00 (sub 5)
Night PL 140.00 (sub 4)
Dwelling PL 140.00 (sub 3)
Building PL 140.00 (sub 2)
Premises PL 140.00 (sub 1)
Relative PL 135.00 (sub 3)
Abduct PL 135.00 (sub 2)
Restrain PL 135.00 (sub 1)
Foreign object PL 130.00 (sub 9)
Forcible compulsion PL 130.00 (sub 8)
Physically helpless PL 130.00 (sub 7)
Mentally incapacitated PL 130.00 (sub 6)
Mentally disabled PL 130.00 (sub 5)
Married PL 130.00 (sub 4)
Sexual contact PL 130.00 (sub 3)
Anal sexual conduct PL 130.00 (sub 2b)
Oral sexual conduct PL 130.00 (sub 2a)
Mental health care provider PL 130.00 (sub 13)
Health care provider PL 130.00 (sub 12)
Aggravated sexual contact PL 130.00 (sub 11)
Sexual conduct PL 130.00 (sub 10)
Sexual intercourse PL 130.00 (sub 1)
Justifiable abortional act PL 125.05 (sub 3)
Abortional act PL 125.05 (sub 2)
Immediate family PL 120.40
Community gun PL 115.20
Violation PL 10.00 (sub 3)
Offense PL 10.00 (sub 1)
Misdemeanor PL 10.00 (sub 4)
Felony PL 10.00 (sub 5)
Crime PL 10.00 (sub 6)
Physical injury PL 10.00 (sub 9)
Possess PL 10.00 (sub 8)
Person PL 10.00 (sub 7)
Drug trafficking felony PL 10.00 (sub 21)
Child day car provider PL 10.00 (sub 19)
Juvenile offender PL 10.00 (sub 18)
Benefit PL 10.00 (sub 17)
Juror PL 10.00 (sub 16)
Public servant PL 10.00 (sub 15)
Dangerous instrument PL 10.00 (sub 13)
Deadly weapon PL 10.00 (sub 12)
Deadly physical force PL 10.00 (sub 11)
Serious physical injury PL 10.00 (sub 10)
Substance use disorder FCA 712 (j)
Diversion services FCA 712 (i)
Permanency hearing FCA 712 (h)
Aggravated circumstances FCA 712 (g)
Dispositional hearing FCA 712 (f)
Fact-finding hearing FCA 712 (e)
Non-secure detention facility FCA 712 (d)
Secure detention facility FCA 712 (c)
Detention FCA 712 (b)
Person in need of supervision FCA 712 (a)
Youthful offender adjudication CPL 720.10 (sub 6)
Youth offender sentence CPL 720.10 (sub 5)
Youthful offender finding CPL 720.10 (sub 4)
Eligible youth CPL 720.10 (sub 2)
Youth CPL 720.10 (sub 1)
Unsecured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 19)
Partially secured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 18)
Secured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 17)
Insurance company bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 16)
Surety bond CPL 500.10 (sub 15)
Appearance bond CPL 500.10 (sub 14)
Bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 13)
Surety CPL 500.10 (sub 12)
Obligor CPL 500.10 (sub 11)
Cash bail CPL 500.10 (sub 10)
Bail CPL 500.10 (sub 9)
Post bail CPL 500.10 (sub 8)
Application for recognizance or bail CPL 500.10 (sub 7)
Order of recognizance or bail CPL 500.10 (sub 6)
Securing order CPL 500.10 (sub 5)
Fix bail CPL 500.10 (sub 3)
Release on own recognizance CPL 500.10 (sub 2)
Principal CPL 500.10 (sub 1)
Jury Trial CPL 340.10 (sub 3)
Single judge trial CPL 340.10 (sub 2)
Inconsistent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 5)
Inclusory concurrent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 4)
Concurrent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 3)
Consecutive counts CPL 300.30 (sub 2)
Submission of a count CPL 300.30 (sub 1)
Peace officer CPL 2.10
Local criminal court CPL 10.10 (sub 3)
Superior court CPL 10.10 (sub 2)
Criminal court CPL 10.10 (sub 1)
Arraignment CPL 1.20 (sub 9)
Felony complaint CPL 1.20 (sub 8)
Misdemeanor complaint CPL 1.20 (sub 7)
Prosecutor's information CPL 1.20 (sub 6)
Simplified environmental conservation information CPL 1.20 (sub 5d)
Simplified parks information CPL 1.20 (sub 5c)
Simplified traffic information CPL 1.20 (sub 5b)
Simplified information CPL 1.20 (sub 5a)
Judicial hearing officer CPL 1.20 (sub 43)
Armed felony CPL 1.20 (sub 41)
Evidence in chief CPL 1.20 (sub 40)
Information CPL 1.20 (sub 4)
Superior court information CPL 1.20 (sub 3a)
Petty offense CPL 1.20 (sub 39)
Lesser included offense CPL 1.20 (sub 37)
County CPL 1.20 (sub 36)
Commitment to the custody of the sheriff CPL 1.20 (sub 35)
Geographical area of employment CPL 1.20 (sub 34a)
Police officer CPL 1.20 (sub 34)
District attorney CPL 1.20 (sub 32)
Prosecutor CPL 1.20 (sub 31)
Bench warrant CPL 1.20 (sub 30)
Indictment CPL 1.20 (sub 3)
Superior court warrant of arrest CPL 1.20 (sub 29)
Warrant of arrest CPL 1.20 (sub 28)
Summons CPL 1.20 (sub 27)
Appearance ticket CPL 1.20 (sub 26)
Preliminary jurisdiction CPL 1.20 (sub 25)
Trial jurisdiction CPL 1.20 (sub 24)
Judge CPL 1.20 (sub 23)
Intermediate appellate court CPL 1.20 (sub 22)
Local criminal court accusatory instrument CPL 1.20 (sub 2)
Criminal proceeding CPL 1.20 (sub 18)
Commencement of criminal action CPL 1.20 (sub 17)
Criminal action CPL 1.20 (sub 16)
Judgment CPL 1.20 (sub 15)
Sentence CPL 1.20 (sub 14)
Conviction CPL 1.20 (sub 13)
Verdict CPL 1.20 (sub 12)
Trial CPL 1.20 (sub 11)
Plea CPL 1.20(sub 10)
Accusatory instrument CPL 1.20 (sub 1)