NY State Laws

Laws of New York

New York State Consolidated Laws


Laws of New York

This site contains the full online searchable text of the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law, the Criminal Procedure Law, the Penal Law and the Vehicle and Traffic Law for the State of New York. Also the U.S. Constitution, Civil Rights Law, Family Court Act and selected articles from the Navigation Law.

Law Terms Defined / Legal Definitions

Terms are defined as per the law listed.
CPL= Criminal Procedure Law
FCA= Family Court Act
PL= Penal Law
VTL= Vehicle Traffic Law
Columns sorted by selecting TERM or LAW. 496 terms currently listed.
TERM LAW ARTICLE
Abduct PL 135.00 (sub 2)
Abortional act PL 125.05 (sub 2)
Access PL 156.00 (sub 7)
Access device PL 155.00 (sub 7c)
Access highway VTL 1 (100-a)
Accusatory instrument CPL 1.20 (sub 1)
Act PL 15.00 (sub 1)
Act of terrorism PL 490.05 (sub 1)
Advance gambling activity PL 225.00 (sub 4)
Affirmative defense PL 25.00 (sub 2)
Aggravated circumstances FCA 712 (g)
Aggravated sexual contact PL 130.00 (sub 11)
Agricultural equipment VTL 1 (100-d)
Ambulance VTL 1 (100-b)
Anal sexual conduct PL 130.00 (sub 2b)
Antique firearm PL 265.00 (sub 10)
Appearance bond CPL 500.10 (sub 14)
Appearance ticket CPL 1.20 (sub 26)
Application for recognizance or bail CPL 500.10 (sub 7)
Appropriate PL 155.00 (sub 4)
Armed felony CPL 1.20 (sub 41)
Armor piercing ammunition PL 265.00 (sub 18)
Arraignment CPL 1.20 (sub 9)
Articulated bus VTL 1 (100-c)
Assault weapon PL 265.00 (sub 22)
Attesting officer PL 210.00 (sub 6)
Authorized emergency vehicle VTL 1 (101)
Authorized gaming establishment PL 225.00 (sub 13)
Authorized gaming operator PL 225.00 (sub 14)
Automatic knife PL 265.00 (sub 5c)
Automobile transporter VTL 1 (101-a)
B-train assembly VTL 1 (101-c)
Bail CPL 500.10 (sub 9)
Bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 13)
Bench warrant CPL 1.20 (sub 30)
Benefit PL 10.00 (sub 17)
Bicycle VTL 1 (102)
Bicycle lane VTL 1 (102-a)
Bicycle path VTL 1 (102-b)
Biological agent PL 490.05 (sub 5)
Biological weapon PL 490.05 (sub 9)
Blood delivery vehicle VTL 1 (117-d)
Boat transporter VTL 1 (101-b)
Bookmaking PL 225.00 (sub 9)
Building PL 140.00 (sub 2)
Bureau VTL 1 (103)
Bus VTL 1 (104)
Business district VTL 1 (105)
Business record PL 175.00 (sub 2)
Cable television service PL 155.00 (sub 9)
Cane sword PL 265.00 (sub 13)
Cash bail CPL 500.10 (sub 10)
Cash equivalent PL 225.00 (sub 16)
Casino gaming PL 225.00 (sub 15)
Certificate of registration VTL 1 (105-a)
Check PL 190.77 (sub 1)
Chemical weapon PL 490.05 (sub 10)
Chemical weapons convention PL 490.05 (sub 17)
Cheques PL 225.00 (sub 17)
Child day car provider PL 10.00 (sub 19)
Chuka stick PL 265.00 (sub 14)
Circulatory roadway VTL 1 (106)
Civil defense emergency vehicle VTL 1 (106-a)
Class I gaming PL 225.00 (sub 18)
Class III gaming PL 225.00 (sub 19)
Classes of cities VTL 1 (107)
Coin operated gambling device PL 225.00 (sub 7a)
Commencement of criminal action CPL 1.20 (sub 17)
Commercial driver VTL 509p (sub 3)
Commercial motor carrier VTL 509p (sub 4)
Commercial motor vehicle VTL 509p (sub 1)
Commercial towing VTL 1 (107-b)
Commissioner VTL 1 (108)
Commitment to the custody of the sheriff CPL 1.20 (sub 35)
Community gun PL 115.20
Compact PL 225.00 (sub 20)
Complete written instrument PL 170.00 (sub 2)
Computer PL 156.00 (sub 1)
Computer data PL 156.00 (sub 3)
Computer material PL 156.00 (sub 5)
Computer network PL 156.00 (sub 6)
Computer program PL 156.00 (sub 2)
Computer service PL 156.00 (sub 4)
Concurrent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 3)
Conduct PL 15.00 (sub 4)
Conducts PL 470.00 (sub 2)
Consecutive counts CPL 300.30 (sub 2)
Contest of chance PL 225.00 (sub 1)
Contraband PL 205.00 (sub 3)
Controlled-access highway VTL 1 (109)
Conviction CPL 1.20 (sub 13)
Correction vehicle VTL 1 (109-a)
County CPL 1.20 (sub 36)
County emergency medical services vehicle VTL 1 (109-b)
Credit card PL 155.00 (sub 7)
Crime PL 10.00 (sub 6)
Criminal action CPL 1.20 (sub 16)
Criminal conduct PL 470.00 (sub 4)
Criminal court CPL 10.10 (sub 1)
Criminal diversion act PL 178.00 (sub 3)
Criminal negligence PL 15.05 (sub 4)
Criminal proceeding CPL 1.20 (sub 18)
Crosswalk VTL 1 (110)
Culpable mental state PL 15.00 (sub 6)
Curb VTL 1 (111)
Custody PL 205.00 (sub 2)
Dangerous contraband PL 205.00 (sub 4)
Dangerous instrument PL 10.00 (sub 13)
Deadly physical force PL 10.00 (sub 11)
Deadly weapon PL 10.00 (sub 12)
Dealer in firearms PL 265.00 (sub 9)
Debit card PL 155.00 (sub 7a)
Deface PL 265.00 (sub 7)
Defense PL 25.00 (sub 1)
Definition of snow tire VTL 1 (145-d)
Delivery system PL 490.05 (sub 7)
Department VTL 1 (112)
Department of transportation VTL 1 (112-a)
Deprive PL 155.00 (sub 3)
Detention FCA 712 (b)
Detention facility PL 205.00 (sub 1)
Disguised gun PL 265.00 (sub 20)
Dispose of PL 265.00 (sub 6)
Dispositional hearing FCA 712 (f)
District attorney CPL 1.20 (sub 32)
Diversion services FCA 712 (i)
Drawer PL 190.77 (sub 2)
Driver VTL 1 (113)
Driveway VTL 1 (114)
Drug trafficking felony PL 10.00 (sub 21)
Duress PL 40.00
Dwelling PL 140.00 (sub 3)
Electric personal assistive mobility device VTL 1 (114-d)
Electronic access device PL 170.00 (sub 8)
Electronic dart gun PL 265.00 (sub 15a)
Electronic signature PL 190.77 (sub 2a)
Electronic stun gun PL 265.00 (sub 15c)
Eligible youth CPL 720.10 (sub 2)
Emergency ambulance service vehicle VTL 1 (115-c)
Emergency operation VTL 1 (114-b)
Enter or remain unlawfully PL 140.00 (sub 5)
Enterprise PL 175.00 (sub 1)
Entrapment PL 40.05
Escort vehicle VTL 1 (114-c)
Evidence in chief CPL 1.20 (sub 40)
FAA PL 240.76 (3a)
Fact-finding hearing FCA 712 (e)
Falsely alter PL 170.00 (sub 6)
Falsely complete PL 170.00 (sub 5)
Falsely make PL 170.00 (sub 4)
Felony PL 10.00 (sub 5)
Felony complaint CPL 1.20 (sub 8)
Financial institution PL 470.00 (sub 6)
Financial transaction PL 470.00 (sub 7)
Fire vehicle VTL 1 (115-a)
Firearm PL 265.00 (sub 3)
Firearm silencer PL 265.00 (sub 2)
Fix bail CPL 500.10 (sub 3)
Flagperson VTL 1 (115-b)
Flammable liquid VTL 1 (116)
Forcible compulsion PL 130.00 (sub 8)
Foreign object PL 130.00 (sub 9)
Forged instrument PL 170.00 (sub 7)
Fraudulent welfare act PL 158.00 (sub 1b)
Funds PL 190.77 (sub 6)
Gambling PL 225.00 (sub 2)
Gambling device PL 225.00 (sub 7)
Gaming compact PL 225.00 (sub 20)
Gaming equipment or device PL 225.00 (sub 21)
Gaming regulatory authority PL 225.00 (sub 22)
Geographical area of employment CPL 1.20 (sub 34a)
Gravity knife PL 265.00 (sub 5)
Gross vehicle weight rating VTL 509p (sub 2)
Gross weight VTL 1 (117)
Hazard vehicle VTL 1 (117-a)
Hazardous materials emergency vehicle VTL 1 (117-c)
Hazardous operation VTL 1 (117-b)
Health care provider PL 130.00 (sub 12)
Health plan PL 177.00 (sub 1)
Highway VTL 1 (118)
House coach VTL 1 (119)
Ignition interlock device VTL 1 (119-a)
Immediate family PL 120.40
In-line skate VTL 1 (140-a)
Inclusory concurrent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 4)
Incomplete written instrument PL 170.00 (sub 3)
Inconsistent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 5)
Indictment CPL 1.20 (sub 3)
Inflatable restraint system VTL 1 (119-b)
Information CPL 1.20 (sub 4)
Instrumentality of a felony controlled substance offense PL 480.00 (sub 5)
Insufficient funds PL 190.77 (sub 7)
Insurance company bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 16)
Insurance policy PL 176.00 (sub 1)
Intentionally PL 15.05 (sub 1)
Intermediate appellate court CPL 1.20 (sub 22)
Intersection VTL 1 (120)
Judge CPL 1.20 (sub 23)
Judgment CPL 1.20 (sub 15)
Judicial hearing officer CPL 1.20 (sub 43)
Jurat PL 210.00 (sub 7)
Juror PL 10.00 (sub 16)
Jury Trial CPL 340.10 (sub 3)
Justifiable abortional act PL 125.05 (sub 3)
Juvenile offender PL 10.00 (sub 18)
Knowingly PL 15.05 (sub 2)
Kung Fu star PL 265.00 (sub 15)
Labor official PL 180.10
Laned roadway VTL 1 (121)
Laser PL 240.76 (3a)
Laser detector VTL 1 (134-c)
Law enforcement officer PL 470.00 (sub 9)
Leased vehicle VTL 1 (121-d)
Lesser included offense CPL 1.20 (sub 37)
Licensing officer PL 265.00 (sub 10)
Limited use automobile VTL 1 (121-a)
Limited use motorcycle VTL 1 (121-b)
Limited use vehicle VTL 1 (121-c)
Livery VTL 1 (121-e)
Loaded firearm PL 265.00 (sub 15)
Local authorities VTL 1 (122)
Local criminal court CPL 10.10 (sub 3)
Local criminal court accusatory instrument CPL 1.20 (sub 2)
Lottery PL 225.00 (sub 10)
Low speed vehicle VTL 1 (121-f)
Machine-gun PL 265.00 (sub 1)
Married PL 130.00 (sub 4)
Material support or resources PL 490.05 (sub 2)
Maximum gross weight VTL 1 (122-a)
Maximum performance speed VTL 1 (122-b)
Medical Marihuana PL 179.00
Member of armed forces PL 190.77 (sub 2c)
Mental disease or defect PL 40.15
Mental health care provider PL 130.00 (sub 13)
Mentally disabled PL 130.00 (sub 5)
Mentally incapacitated PL 130.00 (sub 6)
Metal knuckle knife PL 265.00 (sub 5b)
Misdemeanor PL 10.00 (sub 4)
Misdemeanor complaint CPL 1.20 (sub 7)
Mobile home or manufactured home VTL 1 (122-c)
Monetary instrument PL 470.00 (sub 1)
Motor vehicles VTL 1 (125)
Motorcycle VTL 1 (123)
Night PL 140.00 (sub 4)
Non-secure detention facility FCA 712 (d)
Oath PL 210.00 (sub 1)
Oath required by law PL 210.00 (sub 4)
Obligor CPL 500.10 (sub 11)
Obtain PL 155.00 (sub 2)
Off-highway motorcycle VTL 1 (125-a)
Offense PL 10.00 (sub 1)
Official proceeding PL 215.35
Omission PL 15.00 (sub 3)
Omnibus VTL 1 (126)
Oral sexual conduct PL 130.00 (sub 2a)
Order of recognizance or bail CPL 500.10 (sub 6)
Overhang VTL 1 (127)
Owner PL 155.00 (sub 5)
Pari-mutuel betting PL 180.00 (sub 4)
Pari-mutuel horse race PL 180.00 (sub 5)
Park or parking VTL 1 (129)
Parking area of a shopping center VTL 1 (129-a)
Parking lot VTL 1 (129-b)
Partially secured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 18)
Party officer PL 200.40
Pass PL 190.77 (sub 5)
Peace officer CPL 2.10
Pedestrian VTL 1 (130)
Permanency hearing FCA 712 (h)
Persistent felony offender PL 70.10
Persistent violent felony offender PL 70.08
Person PL 10.00 (sub 7)
Person in need of supervision FCA 712 (a)
Personal identification number PL 190.77 (sub 2b)
Personal identifying information PL 190.77 (sub 1)
Personal insurance PL 176.00 (sub 4)
Petty offense CPL 1.20 (sub 39)
Physical evidence PL 215.35
Physical injury PL 10.00 (sub 9)
Physically helpless PL 130.00 (sub 7)
Pilum ballistic knife PL 265.00 (sub 5a)
Place of public assembly VTL 1 (131-a)
Player PL 225.00 (sub 3)
Plea CPL 1.20(sub 10)
Police officer CPL 1.20 (sub 34)
Police vehicle VTL 1 (132-a)
Policy PL 225.00 (sub 11)
Possess PL 10.00 (sub 8)
Post bail CPL 500.10 (sub 8)
Precursor PL 490.05 (sub 11)
Preliminary jurisdiction CPL 1.20 (sub 25)
Premises PL 140.00 (sub 1)
Prescription PL 178.00 (sub 2)
Prescription medication or device PL 178.00 (sub 1)
Principal CPL 500.10 (sub 1)
Private road VTL 1 (133)
Proceeds PL 480.00 (sub 3)
Profit from gambling activity PL 225.00 (sub 5)
Property PL 155.00 (sub 1)
Property of another PL 145.13
Prosecutor CPL 1.20 (sub 31)
Prosecutor's information CPL 1.20 (sub 6)
Public assistance benefits PL 158.00 (sub 1c)
Public benefit card PL 155.00 (sub 7b)
Public highway VTL 1 (134)
Public servant PL 10.00 (sub 15)
Qualifying highway VTL 1 (134-a)
Radar detector VTL 1 (134-b)
Railroad VTL 1 (135)
Railroad sign or signal VTL 1 (136)
Railroad train VTL 1 (137)
Real property instrumentality of a crime PL 480.00 (sub 6)
Recklessly PL 15.05 (sub 3)
Relative PL 135.00 (sub 3)
Release on own recognizance CPL 500.10 (sub 2)
Rental vehicle VTL 1 (137-a)
Renunciation PL 40.10
Representative drawer PL 190.77 (sub 3)
Represented PL 470.00 (sub 8)
Residence district VTL 1 (138)
Residential mortgage fraud PL 187.00 (sub 4)
Residential mortgage loan PL 187.00 (sub 2)
Residential real property PL 187.00 (sub 3)
Restrain PL 135.00 (sub 1)
Rifle PL 265.00 (sub 11)
Right of way VTL 1 (139)
Roadway VTL 1 (140)
Roller skate VTL 1 (140-b)
Roundabout VTL 1 (140-d)
Safety zone VTL 1 (141)
Sani-vans VTL 1 (141-a)
Sanitation patrol vehicle VTL 1 (141-a2)
Scheme PL 496.01
School bus VTL 1 (142)
Second felony offender PL 70.06
Second violent felony offender PL 70.04
Secret scientific material PL 155.00 (sub 6)
Secure detention facility FCA 712 (c)
Secured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 17)
Securing order CPL 500.10 (sub 5)
Select biological agent PL 490.05 (sub 16)
Select chemical agent PL 490.05 (sub 15)
Sell PL 225.00 (sub 24)
Semiautomatic PL 265.00 (sub 21)
Semitrailer VTL 1 (143)
Sentence CPL 1.20 (sub 14)
Serious offense PL 265.00 (sub 17)
Serious physical injury PL 10.00 (sub 10)
Service PL 155.00 (sub 8)
Sexual conduct PL 130.00 (sub 10)
Sexual contact PL 130.00 (sub 3)
Sexual intercourse PL 130.00 (sub 1)
Shotgun PL 265.00 (sub 12)
Shoulder VTL 1 (143-a)
Sidewalk VTL 1 (144)
Simplified environmental conservation information CPL 1.20 (sub 5d)
Simplified information CPL 1.20 (sub 5a)
Simplified parks information CPL 1.20 (sub 5c)
Simplified traffic information CPL 1.20 (sub 5b)
Single judge trial CPL 340.10 (sub 2)
Skate board VTL 1 (140-c)
Slope VTL 1 (144-a)
Slot machine PL 225.00 (sub 8)
Snow emergency VTL 1 (144-b)
Snow emergency route VTL 1 (145-c)
Something of value PL 225.00 (sub 6)
Specified criminal conduct PL 470.00 (sub 5)
Sports contest PL 180.00 (sub 1)
Sports official PL 180.00 (sub 3)
Sports participant PL 180.00 (sub 2)
Stand or standing VTL 1 (145)
State expressway routes VTL 1 (145-a)
State gaming agency PL 225.00 (sub 25)
State interstate routes VTL 1 (145-b)
Statement PL 176.00 (sub 2)
Submission of a count CPL 300.30 (sub 1)
Substance use disorder FCA 712 (j)
Substituted proceeds PL 480.00 (sub 4)
Summons CPL 1.20 (sub 27)
Superior court CPL 10.10 (sub 2)
Superior court information CPL 1.20 (sub 3a)
Superior court warrant of arrest CPL 1.20 (sub 29)
Surety CPL 500.10 (sub 12)
Surety bond CPL 500.10 (sub 15)
Swear PL 210.00 (sub 2)
Swear falsely PL 210.00 (sub 5)
Switchblade knife PL 265.00 (sub 4)
Testimony PL 210.00 (sub 3)
To act PL 15.00 (sub 5)
Toxic chemical PL 490.05 (sub 13)
Toxin PL 490.05 (sub 6)
Transaction PL 470.00 (sub 3)
Trial CPL 1.20 (sub 11)
Trial jurisdiction CPL 1.20 (sub 24)
Unfair gaming equipment PL 225.00 (sub 26)
Unlawful PL 225.00 (sub 12)
Unlawful gaming property PL 225.00 (sub 27)
Unsecured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 19)
Utter PL 190.77 (sub 4)
Vector PL 490.05 (sub 8)
Verdict CPL 1.20 (sub 12)
Video lottery gaming PL 225.00 (sub 28)
Violation PL 10.00 (sub 3)
Violent felony offense PL 70.02
Voluntary act PL 15.00 (sub 2)
Voucher PL 225.00 (sub 29)
Warrant of arrest CPL 1.20 (sub 28)
Wheelchair VTL 1 (130-a)
Without authorization PL 156.00 (sub 8)
Written instrument PL 170.00 (sub 1)
Youth CPL 720.10 (sub 1)
Youth offender sentence CPL 720.10 (sub 5)
Youthful offender adjudication CPL 720.10 (sub 6)
Youthful offender finding CPL 720.10 (sub 4)