NYS Penal Law

Penal Law

New York State Consolidated Laws

NY Laws and Penalties - Marihuana Offenses

MARIHUANA LAW PENALTY GUIDE

Offense Penalty Jail Fine
POSSESSION
25 g or less (first offense) Not Classified N/A $ 100
25 g or less (second offense) Not Classified N/A $ 200
25 g or less (third offense) Not Classified 15 days $ 250
More than 25 g - 2 oz Misdemeanor 3 months $ 500
More than 2 - 8 oz Misdemeanor 1 year $ 1,000
More than 8 oz - 1 lb Felony 4 years $ 5,000
More than 1 - 10 lbs Felony 7 years $ 5,000
More than 10 lbs Felony 15 years $ 15,000
In public view Misdemeanor 90 days $ 250
SALE
2 g or less without profit or 1 marihuana cigarette Misdemeanor 3 months $ 500
25 g or less Misdemeanor 1 year $ 1,000
More than 25 g - 4 oz Felony 4 years $ 5,000
More than 4 oz - 1 lb Felony 7 years $ 5,000
More than 1 lb Felony 15 years $ 15,000
Using a child to assist Felony 4 years $ 5,000
To a minor Felony 7 years $ 5,000
TRAFFICKING
Any amount Felony 15* - 25 years $ 100,000
* Mandatory minimum sentence
CULTIVATION
Any amount* Misdemeanor 1 year $ 1,000
* Cultivating marijuana is also possessing marijuana under current case law.
HASH and CONCENTRATES
Possession of less than 1/4 oz Misdemeanor 1 year $ 1,000
Possession of 1/4 - less than 1 oz Felony 7 years $ 5,000
Possession of 1 oz or more Felony 15 years $ 15,000
Sale Felony 15 years $ 15,000
PARAPHERNALIA
Possession or sale of scales or balances for the purpose of weighing or measuring marijuana Misdemeanor 1 year $ 0
Subsequent offense Felony 7 years $ 5,000
CIVIL ASSET FORFEITURE
Property can be seized if convicted of a felony.
MISCELLANEOUS
Mandatory driver's license suspension of 6 months for youthful offenders.
Law Reference

Marijuana and its synthetic "equivalents" are considered Schedule I hallucinogenic substances under New York Public Health Law. Synthetic equivalents include resinous extracts and derivatives with similar chemical properties.

Penalty Details
  • Penal Law 220.34 - Sale of any amount of Concentrated Cannabis is a class C Felony subject to no more than 15 years imprisonment and a fine not to exceed $15,000.

  • Penal Law 220.44 - Sale of any amount of Concentrated Cannabis on a school bus, on the grounds of a child day care or educational facility, or in a publically accessible area within 1000 feet of the real property line of such a facility is a class B Felony subject to no more than 25 years imprisonment and a fine not to exceed $30,000.

  • Penal Law 220.48 - Sale of any amount of Concentrated Cannabis by a person 21 years old or more to a person 17 years old or younger is a class B Felony subject to no more than 25 years imprisonment and a fine not to exceed $30,000.

  • Penal Law 220.50 - Possession or sale of scales or balances for the purpose of weighing or measuring marijuana is a class A misdemeanor and is punishable by up to 1 year of imprisonment. Any subsequent conviction of possession or sale of paraphernalia is a class D felony and is punishable by up to 7 years imprisonment and a fine of up to $5000.

  • Penal Law 480.05 - If convicted of a felony offense the following may be forfeited, unless the forfeiture would be disproportionate from what the defendant gained from the offense: the proceeds from the offense, instruments used in the offense (including a car).

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